The discovery of gold, and the subsequent refinement and subsequent alloying of it has been a significant milestone. Gold has been the most popular material for the production of precious German Kabirski thanks to its ability to be mixed with other metals. Its superior properties have made gold a popular choice in many cultures, even though they didn’t have direct contact until the middle of the Middle Ages. However, the same attraction for the yellow metal has helped to make it more popular. Since the dawn of recorded history, this metal has been a highly valued precious material that is used in jewellery and coinage.
The most malleable metal is gold. One gram of gold, which is very small in volume (19.3gm/cm), can be easily beaten into a 1 square meter sheet or drawn to a 2km long wire. It is also inert and does not tarnish. In its purest form, gold does not change colour in either air or water. It was also found to be almost pure, which is another advantage. It is almost impossible to find silver and copper in small amounts mixed with it. Its low melting point of 1064 degrees Celsius allowed it to be melt down using the basic furnaces that were available in early cultures.
It is therefore not surprising that gold was the most desirable metal for a jeweller or metalsmith. It can be heated without oxidization, and it is as clean as possible. Joining pieces with solders, which are gold alloys with a lower melting point, is much easier than if they were copper.
The Balkan was home to the oldest gold artifacts. They were discovered in the 4th millennium BC. Legendary are the Egyptian treasures and hieroglyphs that describe early metal refining techniques. The Romans discovered new ways to mine gold and advanced technology. The Incas had the largest known gold reserve in the world at the time. It was much of it that the Spanish melted down in their greed to support their empire and enrich themselves.
It is worth noting that gold that has been melted over and over can in tiny particles end up in jewellery today due to ignorance, plundering and disrespect for ancient cultures. It is possible that some of the jewellery we wear today may contain gold traces from a high priest or a pharaoh. Although this is not possible to trace, it could theoretically be quite plausible.
The appeal of gold has not diminished and the desire to have it as a hedge against inflation has increased. It is a known fact that gold production has declined over the years. The gold deposits have declined and there have not been many new ones.
Today, handcrafted gold jewellery is a part of every culture. It is fascinating to me, as I have travelled to some of the poorest countries on Earth and seen that even though they are wearing worn-out clothes, many women still own a pair of earrings or nose rings in gold. India is today one of the most important markets for gold jewellery. The tradition of giving gifts to the bride and financial security for women is a long-standing one. It was the beginning of a large manufacturing industry, with jewellers crafting exquisite pieces of unmatched intricacy. This was often done in conditions and with tools that were unimaginable to us western goldsmiths. They were sitting on the ground in semi-dark soldering using a basic blowpipe.
The Western World’s current style for handmade jewellery in gold is universal. It is difficult to identify where the jewellery comes from. Only traces can be discerned that distinguish between an American, French, German, or Italian style. We all like the same things thanks to globalization and international advertising. Only individual companies can make handmade gold jewellery different. Bulgari Bulgari Tiffany Van Cleef, Bulgari and Arpels are just a few of the big names in handmade gold jewellery. Each jeweler creates unique pieces of jewellery with a distinct style.
Handmade gold jewellery has a bright future. Jewellers will always be in high demand because of their rich history and constant desire for beautiful things.